Sunday, 22 August, 2010, 16:15
J. William Costerton, Allegheny-Singer Research Institute, USA
Dr. Costerton is internationally recognized for his scientific contributions regarding microbial biofilms. His research career has included studying the ultrastructure of bacterial cell surfaces and examining and stabilizing their extracellular polymers.
Sunday, 22 August, 2010, 16:30
"Evolution and Physiology of Ammonia Oxidizing Archaea"
Christa Schleper, University of Vienna, Austria
Christa is the chair of the newly founded Department of Genetics in Ecology at the University of Vienna, Austria. She has 20 years of experience with hyperthermophilic archaea studying virus-host systems, conjugation and transformation. Since 1997 she has pioneered the field of metagenomics, in particular with the discovery and analysis of ammonia oxidizing archaea. Her group has recently developed a novel analysis pipeline to study microbial community structure and function simultaneously of all three domains of life using metatranscriptomics. Schleper has ca. 60 publications, including papers in leading journals (Nature, PNAS, PloS Biology), She holds 3 international patents involving metagenomic technologies and has a more than 10 years lasting industrial cooperation in white biotechnology.
Monday, 23 August, 2010, 08:30
Ian Sanders, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Ian carried out his PhD at the University of York, UK, on specificity between plants in fungi that form the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. He then conducted his postdoctoral research on the mycorrhizal symbiosis in INRA Dijon and the Pennsylvania State University. He was junior group leader at the University of Basel, Switzerland where he became interested in how diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) affect plant communities and plant diversity. In 2000 he became Professor of Evolutionary Biology at the University of Lausanne. His group has concentrated on the population and evolutionary genetics of AMF because so little is known about these aspects of their biology. He has shown that these fungi have genetically different nuclei co-existing in the cytoplasm and that, contrary to popular belief, these fungi exhibit genetic exchange and recombination. His group currently study use genetic exchange and segregation in AMF as a tool to understand the role that AMF genetics plays in their symbiotic effects on plants. They also use these tools to understand the role of AMF genetics plays in plant community ecology.
Tuesday, 24 August, 2010, 08:30
Sallie (“Penny”) Chisholm, MIT, USA
Penny is the Lee and Geraldine Martin Professor of Environmental Studies at MIT, where she holds a joint appointment in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Department of Biology. She was the founding Director of the Earth System Initiative at MIT, and is currently a Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Marine Microbiology Investigator. Chisholm is a biological oceanographer, whose research over the past two decades has focused on the ecology and evolution of Prochlorococcus -- the smallest, and most abundant photosynthetic microbe in the sea. Her research group’s work on Prochlorococcus spans all scales of biological organization — from the genome to the ecosystem — and represents an attempt to understand the integrated systems biology of a single organism.
Tuesday, 24 August, 2010, 18:30
"The Human Gut Microbiome: Dining in with Trillions of Fascinating Friends"
Jeffrey Gordon, Washington University, USA
Jeffrey is the Dr. Robert J. Glaser Distinguished University Professor at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. He joined the Washington University faculty after completing his clinical training in internal medicine and gastroenterology. He was Head of the Department of Molecular Biology and Pharmacology from 1991-2004 before becoming Director of a newly established interdepartmental Center for Genome Sciences. From 1994 to 2003, he served as director of the University’s Division of Biology and Biomedical Sciences, which oversees all PhD and M.D./PhD students in the biological sciences. Gordon and his students conduct interdisciplinary studies of the genomic and metabolic foundations of mutually beneficial host-microbial relationships in the human gut. His work spans normal and genetically engineered mouse models to twins living in developing and industrialized countries. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
Tuesday, 24 August, 2010, 19:15
" Big Sulfur Bacteria"
Tiedje Award Presentation
Bo Barker Jørgensen, University of Aarhus, Denmark and MPI, Germany
Bo Barker Jørgensen has a joint position at the new Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen, Germany and at University of Aarhus (AU), Denmark. He obtained a Ph.D. degree at AU in 1977 and a D.Sc. degree in 1979. Bo worked and taught at the AU for 14 years. Still at the AU, he was granted a 5-year Research Professorship of the Danish Natural Science Research Council (1987-92). During this professorship, he was invited by the German Max Planck Society to become the founding director of a new Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen. Together with his research group of ten young people from Aarhus, Bo started 1992 in Bremen where they established the Department of Biogeochemistry. In 1993 Bo was hired as a full professor in the Geology Department at the University of Bremen and as an adjunct professor in the Biology Department of the University of Aarhus. In cooperation with the Max Planck Society and the Danish National Research Foundation he established in October 2007 a Center for Geomicrobiology at the University of Aarhus. His main research interests are: marine biogeochemistry and microbial ecology; methane fluxes and anaerobic methane oxidation in the sea bed; deep sub-seafloor biosphere; sulfide oxidation and sulfur bacteria; upwelling and oxygen minimum zones; Arctic microbiology.
Thursday, 26 August, 2010, 08:30
" Agriculture's Impact on Microbial Diversity in Soil and the Associated Flux of Greenhouse Gases"
Thomas Schmidt, Michigan State University, USA
Thomas M. Schmidt is a professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics at Michigan State University. His laboratory explores the distribution of microbial populations in nature and the link between community structure and function. In particular, his research group is establishing links between the flux of greenhouse gases from soil and the composition of microbes in soil that catalyze these ecosystem-level processes, and is exploring the role of microbes in the human microbiome related to health and disease.
Schmidt, a Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology, was honored with the 2010 ASM Graduate Microbiology Teaching Award in recognition of his dedication to students and for fostering an intellectually stimulating environment in his laboratory and the courses he has taught, including the MBL’s Microbial Diversity Course in Woods Hole, MA.
Thursday, 26 August, 2010, 12:30
"Climate Change and Global Ocean: Have We Gone Too Far?"
Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, University of Queensland, AustraliaOve is Professor of Marine Studies and Director of the Global Change Institute, at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia. He completed his training at the University of Sydney and the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), returning to Australia in 1992 to take a position at the University of Sydney. In 2000, he moved to the University of Queensland, where he has directed the Centre for Marine Studies for the past 10 years. He also heads a research laboratory with over 30 researchers and students that focus on how global warming and ocean acidification are affecting and will affect coral reefs now and into the future. He was recognised in 1999 with the Eureka Prize in 1999 for “ground-breaking research into the physiological basis of coral bleaching”. His published works include over 160 refereed publications and book chapters. Three of his publications are now the 1st, 4th and 6th most cited works over the past 10 years in the area of “climate change”. Hoegh-Guldberg interacts with a wide array of national and international scientific networks that focus on the challenges that climate change poses to the health of the world’s oceans.
Friday, 27 August, 2010, 08:30
"Arctic Microbial Ecosystems as Sentinels and Amplifiers of Global Change"
Warwick F. Vincent, Laval University, Canada
Warwick is Director of the Centre for Northern Studies (Centre d’études nordiques) at Laval University in Quebec City, Canada. He is originally from New Zealand, did his Ph.D. in Ecology at the University of California at Davis, U.S.A., and continued his limnological studies in the English Lake District as a postdoctoral researcher at the Freshwater Biological Association. He was appointed as a professor of biology at Laval University in 1990, where he also holds a Canada Research Chair. His research is on aquatic microbial ecosystems and their responses to environmental change, with emphasis on high latitude lakes, rivers and coastal seas. In recognition of his scientific achievements in the Arctic and Antarctica, he has received several awards, including the New Zealand gold medal for science, and the Royal Society of Canada medal for environmental research.
Friday, 27 August, 2010, 16:40
"Future Prospects for Microbial Ecology"
Rita Colwell, Canon US Life Sciences, Inc. and Distinguished Professor, University of Maryland College Park and Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
Dr. Rita Colwell is Distinguished University Professor both at the University of Maryland at College Park and at Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Senior Advisor and Chairman Emeritus, Canon US Life Sciences, Inc., and President and CEO of CosmosID, Inc. Her interests are focused on global infectious diseases, water, and health, and she is currently developing an international network to address emerging infectious diseases and water issues, including safe drinking water for both the developed and developing world.
She is a nationally-respected scientist and educator, and has authored or co-authored 17 books and more than 750 scientific publications.
Bacteriology and an M.S. in Genetics, from Purdue University, and a Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Washington.